1.Right of access to books, etc.
2.Right to obtain information and explanation from officers
3.Right to receive notices and to attend general meeting
4.Right of lien
The auditor has the following powers/rights while conducting an audit:
- Right of access to books, etc. â€“ Section 143(1) of the Act provides that the auditor of a company, at all times, shall have a right of access to the books of account and vouchers of the company, whether kept at the registered office of the company or at any other place and he is entitled to require from the officers of the company such information and explanation as he may consider necessary for the performance of his duties as auditor.
The right of access is not limited to those books and records maintained at the registered or head office so that in the case of a company with branches, the right also extends to the branch records, if the auditor considers it necessary to have access thereto as per Section143(8).
- section 143(1)- right to obtain information and explanation
- Right to obtain information and explanation from officers - This rightÂ of the auditor to obtain from the officers of the company such information and explanations as he may think necessary for the performance of his duties as auditor is a wide and important power. It is for the auditor to decide the matters in respect of which information and explanations are required by him. When the auditor is not provided the information required by him or is denied access to books, etc., his only remedy would be to report to the members that he could not obtain all the informationÂ and explanations he had required or considered necessary for the performance of his duties as auditors.
- section 146-rights w.r.t general meetings
- Right to receive notices and to attend general meeting â€“Â The auditorsÂ of a company are entitled to attend any general meeting of the company (the right is not restricted to those at which the accounts audited by them are to be discussed); also to receive all the notices and other communications relating to the general meetings, which members are entitled to receive and to be heard at any general meeting in any part of the business of the meeting which concerns themÂ as auditors.
-Right of lien
Right to Lien- On this premise, auditor can exercise lien on books and documents placed at his possession by the client for non payment of fees, for work done onÂ the books and documents. The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales has expressed a similar view on the following conditions:
1 Documents retained must belong to the client who owes the money.
2 Documents must have come into possession of the auditor on the authority of the client. They must not have been received through irregular or illegal means. In case of a company client, they must be received on the authorityÂ Â of the Board of Directors.
3 The auditor can retain the documents only if he has done work on the documents assigned to him.
4 Such of the documents can be retained which are connected with the workÂ on which fees have not been paid.