According to Section 140(1), the auditor appointed under section 139 may be removed from his office before the expiry of his term only by a special resolution of the company, after obtaining the previous approval of the Central Government in that behalf .
The application to the Central Government for removal of auditor shall be made in Form ADT-2 and shall be accompanied with fees as provided for this purpose .
The application shall be made to the Central Government within 30 days of the resolution passed by the Board.
The company shall hold the general meeting within 60 days of receipt of approval of the Central Government for passing the special resolution.
It is important to note that before taking any action for removal before ex piry of terms, the auditor concerned shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
Section 140(5)- directions for change of auditors
As per sub-section (5) of the section 140, the Tribunal either suo motu or on an application made to it by the Central Government or by any person concerned, if it is satisfied that the auditor of a company has, whether directly or indirectly, actedÂ in a fraudulent manner or abetted or colluded in any fraud by, or in relation to, the company or its directors or officers, it may, by order, direct the company to change its auditors.
However, if the application is made by the Central Government and the Tribunal is satisfied that any change of the auditor is required, it shall within fifteen days of receipt of such application, make an order that he shall not function as an auditor and the Central Government may appoint another auditor in his place.
It may be noted that an auditor, whether individual or firm, against whom final order has been passed by the Tribunal under this section shall not be eligible to be appointed as an auditor of any company for a period of five years from the date of passing of the order and the auditor shall also be liable for action under section 447.
Appointment of Auditor Other Than Retiring Auditor [section 140 (4)]
-Requirement of special notice ,
- Special notice shall be required for a resolution at an annual general meeting appointing as auditor a person other than a retiring auditor
Section 140(4) lays down procedure to appoint an auditor other than retiring auditor who was removed-
expressly that a retiring auditor shall not be re-appointed, except where the retiring auditor has completed a consecutive tenure of five years or as the case may be, ten years, as provided under sub-section (2) of section 139.
-Restricting the auditorâ€™s right of representation
- If the Tribunal is satisfied on an application either of the company or of any other aggrieved person that the rights conferred by section 140(4) of the Companies Act, 2013 are being abused by the auditor, then, the copy of the representation may not be sent and the representation need not be read out at the meeting.
Students may note that if a copy of representation is not sent as aforesaid, a copy thereof shall be field with the Registrar.
Curtailing right of the auditor regarding circulation of copy of representation in the case of appointment of auditor other than retiring auditor under section 140(4) of the companies act, 2013:
If the Tribunal is satisfied on an application either of the company or of any other aggrieved person that the rights conferred by section 140(4) of the Companies Act, 2013 are being abused by the auditor, then, the copy of the representation may not be sent and the representation need not be read out at the meeting.
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